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​​Nigeria Profile


LOCATION:

Nigeria is situated on​ the west coast of Africa, lies on latitudes 4° north of the Equator and latitudes 3° and 14° on the east of the Greenwich Meridian. Shares boundaries with The Republics of Benin and Niger in the west, Cameroon in the East, Niger and Chad in the north and the Gulf of Guinea in the South.

Area:

923,768.64sq. Kilometers

Capital:

Abuja

Population:

About 180 Million People Consisting of 374 ethical groups with Hausa, Igbo Yoruba constituting the major languages Official Language: English

National Day:

October 1st

Currency:

Naira=100 kobo

Time:

GMT + 1Hour

Weights sand Measures:

Metric

Political Structure:

Three-tier structure: A Federal Government, Federal Capital Territory and 774 Local Governments

Main Commecial/Industrial Cities:

Lagos, Kano, Onitsha, Ibadan, Aba, jos, Warri, Maiduguri, Oshogbo etc.

Major Industrial Complexes:

Refineries & Petrochemicals: Kaduna, Warri, Port Harcourt, Eleme, Eket.
Iron and steel: Ajoakuta, Aladja, jos, Katsina,Osogbo. 
Machine Tools: Oshogbo 
Fertilizer: Onne Port Harcourt, Kaduna, Minna, Kano, etc 
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG): Bonny 
Aluminum Smelting: Ikot Abasi 
Main Sea ports: Lagos - Apapa, Tin-Can Island, Warri, Port, Roro, Calabar, (EPZ).
Main Airports: Lagos, Kano, Abuja, Port Harcourt, Enugu, Ilorin, Jos, Owerri, Calabar and Yola 
Road Network: Over 15,000 km of inter-city paved roads, including dual carriage trunk
Railways: Two main lines of south-west to North east and south East to North-west inter-linked and terminating at Lagos, Port-Harcourt, Maiduguri, Nguru, Jos; With major Junctions at Kaduna, Kafanchan and Zaria 
Length 3505Km Guage:​ 1067mm.
Main Rivers: Niger and Benue and Numerous inland rivers.

Energy:

Hydroelectric: Kainji, Jebba, Shiroro.
Thermal & gas: Egbin, Ughelli, Afam and Sapele.
Coal: Oji River.

National Grid for distribution:

National Pipeline Network with regional deposit for Petroleum product distribution

Climate:

Like most African countries, the climate is tropical with two main marked seasons. The dry season lasting from November to march with the dry dust-laden North-easterly winds blowing across the country. The rainy season is from April to October. During this period the moisture-laden south-westerly winds blow from the coast bringing in the rains. Rainfall decrease from about 1,5000mm in the south to about 500mm in the North. The temperature is generally high, ranging between 220C and 340C except the Jos Plateau, the Mambila Plateau and the Obudu Cattle Ranch Plateau were the temperature is relatively cooler all year round.​
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